Monday, November 26, 2012


  1. Introduction

Literature is creative and imaginative language, literature express people’s imagination, ideas, value, criticism or to explain love. In this era, literature cannot separate from our life, because we need it to satisfy our feeling or emotion such as sadness, angry or to satire someone.  People always use a language by compering something or we always say someone by name of something. Figurative language describes something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language.
If we see figurative happen from many years ago like William Shakespare in 1564-1616 in his poem by tittle Shall I Compare Thee to Summer’s Day?. In this era we always call our honey by using my good, beautiful flower or rose, so literature is very closely related to people, we realize or not sometime we call someone not whit them name
 If someone says, "Joe is a turtle," most native English speakers understand this to mean that Joe is slow. How do they make the connection between Joe being a turtle and being slow? People know what the sentence is trying to convey because they understand the difference between figurative and literal language.
  1. Analysis
Based on information in instruction the writer wants to describe about one of functions about literature so that we specially the writer himself understand.
1.      Imagination:
Imagination is the ability to create mental images or pictures. All of literature we must imagine first so that if we give good meaning in that literature and especially if we analyze extrinsic meaning like this poetry: Hornby (592.1995)
Remember me
Remember me when I gone way
Go far to the silent land……………..
The meaning of gone way is dead so we imagine so we get a good meaning and suitable with that poetry.
2.      Ideas:
If we see in our country many of songs that describe about ideas like Arema’s song:
Kami arema salam satu jiwa di Indonesia
Selalu bersama tuk kemenangan
Kami arema
This song shows about ideas that Arema has in anywhere has one soul and want to get or become the winner in all of competitions and this song out of from the lover of that Arema.
3.      Value:
A value is moral or professional standards of behavior, principles. Like film of AYAT-AYAT CINTA, if that film explains about a good attitude like study or help the other people it called a good value; it that film explains about a bad attitude like hit or steal it called a bad value. Hornby (1319.1995)
4.      Criticism:
Criticism is one of way to express about our feeling that not suitable with our opinion. This way is always find in Indonesia’s song like:
Wakil rakyat seharusnya merakyak
Jangan sampai tidur waktu siding rakyat………….
This song is criticism our government at the time they sleep in the meeting especially in DPR building.
5.      Love:
Love is a strong feeling of deep affection for someone or something, like this song that tell about love: Hornby (699.1995)

Justin Bieber

You know you love me
I know you care
Just shout whenever,
And I’ll be there
You are my love
You are my heart
And we will never, ever, ever be apart
  1. Analysis
For more information some of literature that related by figurative language will be explained like:
  1. Simile
``          A simile uses the words “like” or “as” to compare one object or idea with another to suggest they are alike. Example: busy as a bee
2. Metaphor
The metaphor states a fact or draws a verbal picture by the use of comparison. A simile would say you are like something; a metaphor is more positive, it says you are something. Example: You are what you eat.
3. Personification  
A figure of speech in which human characteristics are given to an animal or an object. Example: My teddy bear gave me a hug.
4. Alliteration
The repetition of the same initial letter, sound, or group of sounds in a series of words.  Alliteration includes tongue twisters. Example: She sells seashells by he seashore.
5. Onomatopoeia
The use of a word to describe or imitate a natural sound or the sound made by an object or an action. Example: snap crackle pop.
6. Hyperbole
An exaggeration that is so dramatic that no one would believe the statement is true.
Tall tales are hyperboles. Example: He was so hungry; he ate that whole cornfield for lunch, stalks and all.
7. Idioms
According to Webster's Dictionary, an idiom is defined as: peculiar to itself either grammatically (as no, it wasn't me) or in having a meaning that cannot be derived from the conjoined meanings of its elements (as Monday week for "the Monday a week after next Monday")
8. Clichés 
A cliché is an expression that has been used so often that it has become trite and sometimes boring. Example: Many hands make light work. ttp://
D.  Last Analysis

Like the example in this book that tells about Metaphor and Simile:
Life, like a done of many-colored glass,
Stains the white radiance of Eternity
The first lines we call as a simile because that sentences use word LIKE so we compare thing with the other.
Oh, my love is a red, red rose
The example above is a metaphor because that sentences combine two word become one meaning (red rose)

D, Conclusion

From the example above we understand literature has many functions and figurative has many characteristic and style because all of them have different example and definition.

Hornby, 1995, Oxford Advananced Learner’s Dictionary, Oxford University Press

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